Sunday, 27 May 2012

The Sacrifices Offered Are For Freedom, We Cannot Be Taken In By Conferences: Mir Sher Mohamd Bugti

The Sacrifices Offered Are for Freedom, We Cannot be Taken in by Conferences: Mir Sher Mohamd Bugti

Translated by Archen Baloch 27/05/2012

Occupied Balochistan: “The National Conference is a deception” said Sher Bugt, the central spokesperson of Baloch Republican Party. Speaking his party reaction about the National Conference on Balochistan grim situation, organized by Supreme Court Bar Association in Islamabad on Saturday, he said that the sole purpose of orchestration of that conference was just to deceive and mislead Baloch masses. Pakistan has always deceived Baloch nation. He said that Nawab Akber Khan Bugti used to believe in dialogue, but we saw how he was treated. He said that their struggle is all about liberation of Balochistan, if they want to have talk on Balochistan independence issue, then are ready for that. Talking to news disk, Mir Bugti said that Baloch were offering sacrifices for the sake of Balochistan freedom, therefore they could not be taken in by such conferences. Expressing his confidence, Baloch leader said that Balochistan issue is under discussion in European Union, which is a promising sign for our freedom movement. He further said that their stance about those people who are indulged in Parliamentary politics is clear. He said that they are allied with Pro-independent forces.   
Dailytawar Courtesy

Friday, 25 May 2012

Preparation of a Massive Military Operation in Balochistan Underway: BSO Azad

Translated By Archen Baloch

Occupied Eeastern Balochistan: The central spokesperson of Baloch Students Organization, (BSO) has said that preliminary preparations of a gory military operation in a massive scale are underway in Balochistan. According to spokespersons statement, massive mobilization of enemy forces have taken place in strategic area of “DashtGoran” in Kalat, “Laje” In Kharan, “AhmedWaal” in Noushki, and “Nimmurg” in Kalat.
The spokesperson expressing concern of collective punishment by forces said that the crops of the poor Baloch peasants have been destroyed by armed forces and the water resources have been sprayed with chemical poisons. People are not being allowed to commute to cities to buy ration. All out and inlet routes of the areas have completely been blocked with the establishment of new check posts.
The spokesperson further said that preliminary preparations are the preamble of another gory military operation in Balochistan. The statement said that the forces laying landmines, in a large scale, on the general thoroughfares for common people commute. Citing an example the spokesperson said that a few days back, a landmine in “Samalo” of Kalat area exploded killing two innocent people.
Calling upon international community BSO spokesperson said that on humanitarian ground, it is their moral duty to prevent Pakistan from laying landmines and committing human rights violation in Balochistan so that human catastrophe is stopped before it started in the near future, because the mobilization of Pak armed forces on the large scale in Balochistan are the prelude of a dangerous gory operation. courtesy

Pushing The Sindhi Nationalists Against The Wall

DailyTawar editorial
Translated By Archen Baloch 24/05/2012

    Sindhi too has now started receiving its share of mutilated bodies of abducted people after Balochistan. The bullet riddled body of Muzafer Bhuttoo, the leadere of Jeay Sindh Party, was found at Goth Bukhari near Khederabad bypass, bearing severe torture marks. He was abducted fifteen months back. The family of Muzafer Bhuttoo has alleged that the state security agencies are involved in his abduction saying that he was abducted on 25th Jan 2011from New Saeedabad.
 Keeping in view the political circumstances, this tragic event can be viewed as a part of rehearsal that is constantly being repeated in Balochistan on daily basis. Previously, the death of JSQM leader Bashir Qurishi in mysterious circumstances is also being regarded as a wider part of the conspiracy against them by Sindhi nationalists.
Muzafer Bhuttoo’s political struggle has left indelible mark in the political history of Sindh. Previously Muzafer Bhutto was abducted by secret agencies and released after subjecting him with crippling tortures. His role in Sindhi national movement will always be remembered. Baloch nationalists parties too have expressed their unequivocal solidarity with Sindhi nationalists and describe the abduction and the killing of Muzafer Bhuttoo as the continuation of the same policy of “Kill and Dump” in Balochistan.
According to analysts, the beginning of appearances of mutilated bodies of Political workers in Sindh, shows that the rulers are in panic in Sindh too after Balochistan. Because the rulers seems to have resolved to crush every dissenting voice, no matter wherever it is raised. The rulers are afraid of the intensity of the political movements on moral ground. The appearance of Mutilated body of Muzafar Bhuttoo would have far reaching consequences. Political analysts further believe that pushing Sindh against the wall will result in serious ramifications after Balochistan.
DailyTawar Courtesy

Wednesday, 16 May 2012

Nawab Nauroz Khan

Nawab Nauroz (Nowroz) Khan, (1874?-1964), respectfully known by Baloch as Babu Nowroz, was the head of the Zarakzai Zehri Baloch,  After his failed rebellion against the Pakistani central government in 1959, he became a symbol of the Baloch independence Movement .

Early years  

Little is known about Nowroz Khan's early years. He was born some time in the 1870s or 1880s (sources disagree on the date) at a time when Kalat was a princely state within the framework of the British Raj . By 1887 the British had reached a settlement with Kalat agreeing on limited autonomy in exchange for British authority in military affairs and external relationships, but the country remained instable, with periodic fighting against the authorities or between tribal groups.
Nauroz Khan became Nawab and leader of the Zehri tribe in the Jhalawan  area of Kalat at a time before the introduction of electricity or motor vehicles, head of a largely nomadic people in a harsh mountain / desert environment, but with a rich tradition of Baluchi, Persian and Muslim culture. The First and Second World Wars were distant events in this world, but the creation of the state of Pakistan in 1947 was disruptive.

Background to revolt

In 1955 the various states of Balochistan were dissolved and merged into the province of West Pakistan  under the "One Unit" policy. In 1958 the Khan of the largest state, Kalat, Ahmad Yar Khan organized a rebellion to secede from West Pakistan. The Pakistan army took control of the Kalat palace and arrested the Khan for sedition on October 6, 1958. The next day, the president Sikandar mirza declared martial law. This led to disturbances in parts of Balochistan that lasted for about a year.Nawab Nowroz Khan was one of the leaders.

Rebellion and imprisonment

Nowroz Khan's band of fighters, which may have numbered as many as 1,000 at times, was involved in several sharp skirmishes with forces led by Lt. Col. Tikka Khan . Nowroz agreed to surrender on May 15, 1959 in exchange for amnesty and settlement of the Baluchi grievances. Tikka Khan was said to have agreed to the terms of the surrender through an oath on the Quran. However, when Nowroz Khan came down from the hills, he and about 150 of his followers, including his sons and nephews, were arrested for armed rebellion against the state. On July 15, 1960 five of the leaders were executed by hanging in Hyderabad Jail. Nowroz was spared execution on account of his age, but died in Kohlu Jail in 1964.
The Khan of Kalat was subsequently forgiven and freed.

Thursday, 3 May 2012

VIEW: Baloch ignored and agonised

VIEW: Baloch ignored and agonised —Surat Khan Marri
Balochistan and Sindh have a historically friendly and brotherly relationship, but the Pakistan People’s Party and its leadership have never had a working relationship with the Baloch people

In Pakistan, politicians and the media generally use a misleading term for the Baloch issue. They call it the Balochistan issue. The difference between Baloch and Balochistan is very clear. Firstly, the Baloch are a people, a national community, whereas Balochistan is a geographical land mass, today a province in Pakistan, also in Iran. Interestingly, Pakistan‘s former president and COAS, General Ziaul Haq used to say, “Our interest and concern is not with the Baloch but we are impatient for Balochistan; the main attraction in Balochistan is its resources and the coast.” Secondly, the Baloch do not live only in Balochistan province. The majority of the Baloch live in Punjab, then Sindh, and lastly in Balochistan. One third of the land mass and population of Balochistan is Pashtun. They have never been a part of or perturbed by the Baloch anti-establishment movement to the extent that when news of Nawab Akbar Khan Bugti’s killing reached Balochistan, there was uproar in the entire Baloch area from Dera Ghazi Khan of Punjab to interior Sindh. Curfew was ordered in Quetta. On the other hand, in the entire northern Pashtun belt starting 20 kilometres away from Quetta, life was normal.

Since 2001, the Baloch are in a state of insurgency. Across the province, even beyond the provincial borders, in Baloch areas, forces have been deployed and there is regular fighting. Pakistan forces and agencies have allegedly kidnapped thousands of political activists. About 300 bullet-riddled bodies of missing persons have been found in different places. The Pashtuns have raised no voice on these incidents. There is no condemnation by politicians and even intellectuals on the Baloch agony.

If local newspapers indicate any trend, there is daily condemnation of the so-called Baloch exploitation of Pashtun resources by Mahmood Khan Achakzai’s Pashtun Milli Awami Party, mainly organised in Balochistan and part of the POONAM alliance. Other member parties are the Baloch-led parties of Sardar Mengal and Senator Dr Malik Baloch.

Under the circumstances, the issue is not of Balochistan but it revolves around the Baloch. Baloch militants, especially nationalists and intellectuals, allege that the Baloch federalist political parties deliberately project and propagate ambiguous terms like Balochistan for the Baloch problem. The federalist Baloch parties claim the Baloch issue is about the right of Baloch governance and ‘right on resources and the coast’. For the last seven years, the BNP-Mengal introduced another term, ‘the right of self-determination’ for the Baloch issue. They never give the term a Leninist explanation or western political thought and meaning. The purpose of ambiguity is to confuse public opinion and to distract attention from the actual problem of insurgency.

The Baloch are divided into three conflicting groups. The first well-known political group is pro-establishment and guided by the agencies. Or it may be called the school of thought that supports incumbent governments, whether headed by Nawab Bugti, Sardar Mengal, Mir Jamali or direct military rule. There was a joke in the early 1960s that someone asked Jam Ghulam Qadir, then a minister, “Why do you change political parties so often?” His reply was interesting and meaningful. He said, “I never change political loyalties and party affiliation. My loyalties are with government; it is the government changing loyalty and parties.”

The second political group is of those that may be called the Pakistani federalist Baloch parties, always striving to form government in the province and have a power share in the Centre. Ironically, these federalist parties never sever their contacts with the agencies and the establishment. All opposition parties in Balochistan participate in elections, and to date, have members in parliament, even ministers in the provincial cabinet.

The third group is termed as nationalists, also called Baloch separatists. They have a long history starting August 11, 1947, when the Khan of Kalat declared independence. According to the researcher Mr Martin (2010), on March 23, 1948, at Karachi, in a meeting presided over by the prime minister, attended by the foreign minister and defence minister along with their secretaries, all three military chiefs’ reported achievements of their forces. The Khan of Kalat, Mir Ahmad Yar Khan surrendered on March 27, 1948 and signed annexation papers. His younger brother, Agha Abdul Karim rebelled and camped at Sarlat, Afghanistan. Since that day, the seeds of Baloch separation were sown, which at times flourish; sometimes pruned and cut but never dead.

The present insurgency started by the Baloch Liberation Army (BLA) in 2001, is the fifth of its kind, being termed as low intensity. It has been a decade now. The Baloch insurgency is continuing in low intensity mode, in spite of the fact that many harsh measures are being taken to crush the movement. Balochistan and Sindh have a historically friendly and brotherly relationship, but the Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) and its leadership have never had a working relationship with the Baloch people. Mr Zardari, the president of Pakistan, is ethnically a Baloch. During Nawab Nauroz Khan’s rebellion and the early 1960s insurgency, Mr Bhutto was General Ayub Khan’s right-hand man. During the 1970 army action against the Baloch, Mr Bhutto was in power. During Ms Benazir Bhutto’s rule, Nawab Bugti led the government in Balochistan and had a very strained relationship with the Centre. Once again, the PPP is in power, and the present army action and counter-insurgency measures are believed to be very harsh. In 1958 Nawab Nauroz Khan was the victim of betrayal and broken promises. General Akbar Khan invited Agha Abdul Karim for talks and dinner and on his arrival, he was arrested. Nawab Nauroz Khan was promised on a Quranic oath to come down from the mountains and that due consideration would be given to his demands. He along with others was arrested; the Nawab died in jail and 14 of them were hanged. All kinds of repressive measures were taken during military actions of the 1960s and 1970s. Allegedly, many innocent persons were kidnapped, tortured and even thrown down from helicopters. Air attacks were very common. Crops and wheat storages were destroyed. A large number of cattle, sheep and goats were robbed. More than 2,000 tribesmen were arrested and kept at the Kohlu concentration camps for long durations.

It is claimed that the 21st century is the age of open and free media. In Balochistan, there is a blackout on what is happening in the interior areas. Only a couple of ‘implanted’ journalists and media teams were invited by the forces and airlifted to Quetta and Chamaling. No journalist dare visit the interior or Chamaling or Dera Bugti on his own. The IG Police, the Frontier Corps and even some generals, including General Musharraf, publically announced that rebellion would be crushed by all kinds of forces of the state.

The oppression and suppression has been going on for more than 60 years. In just past one and a half years, more than 300 bullet-riddled bodies of missing persons who were allegedly picked up and kidnapped by the government agencies and forces were found in deserted places. It is more than tragic that during six decades of repression and killings, political parties or the media have showed no sympathetic reaction across Pakistan. Even the intelligentsia is silent and unmoved.

In Balochistan, it is believed the general elections are around the corner and the public already has dozens of problems like inflation, unemployment, power shortages, etc. They hardly have any time to think about or react on the Baloch issue.

The writer is a freelance columnist

Friday, 3 February 2012

Tactic change

Tactic change

Pakistani agencies change their tactics to suppress the Baloch struggle for freedom”,if we look at last 5 years they killed and dumped thousands of Baloch youth and abducted thousands more,they create groups like threek-e-Nafaz-e-Amaan Balochistan(TNAB) and Baloch Musalah Difah to accept the responsibilities  of these killings and disappearence of Baloch Youth to hide the crime of Pakistani agencies in front of International world and make the world community to believe that these extrajudicial killings of Balochs are internal conflicts of Balochs and try to give these killing colour of tribal conflicts.From last 5 years the most dumped bodies found were Baloch youth.
Pakistani agencies from last 5 year targeted Baloch Youth and try to pressurized the parents of Balochs to keep their chidren out of this movement but not successed to supress the Movement ,But now Pakistani agencies changed their tactic’s by targeting the elders the Parents and the family members especially the female members of Baloch freedom movement activists.The few examples of that tactics are,the multilated body of a female found in Pir Koh district Dera Bugti and in an other incident unknown gunmen shot dead tribal elder and Khuzdar Traders Union former president Muhammad Ramzan Zehri and injured three of his companions in Kanak area of Khuzdar.Haji Mohammad Ramzan was the father of, the youngest, member of BSO-Azad Shaheed Majeed Zehri who was abducted last year and later his bullet-ridden body was found in Khuzdar.
But the most unethical incident was targeting Baloch females in Karachi.Baloch Republican Party’s president and one of the most loved Baloch Leader Brahamdagh bugti’s sister and niece along with their driver gunned down at Gizri Bridge, Karachi early Tuesday  it should also be noted that these victims were also wife and daughter of Sibi based Balochistan Member of Provencial Assembly Mir Bakhtiar Khan Domki.Zamur Domki, her daughter Janan Domki and driver Barkat Baloch, were returning home at their DHA based resident from a wedding when unknown assailants on a motorbike fired at them in an ambush, killed all of them and conveniently escaped.It should be noted that Brahamdagh Bugti is exiled in Geneva and Grand son of Nawab Akhbar Khan Bugti is leading a pro-independence movement.
These tactics are actually a clear message to the Baloch youth that if they don’t keep them out of this Freedom Movement then their family members will be targeted.The new tactics of Pakistani agencies is not only pressurized the parents or elders but also the youth that their family members are also not save.